Japanese Lesson 15
October 10, 2008 § 1 Comment
Hello! Apologies for not being a good teacher and posting regularly. And further apologies for what I am about to do. I am actually going to skip a lot of lessons/chapters/words and focus on the material for my test tomorrow. Hopefully you will learn a lot but if it is too complicated, don’t worry! I will backtrack later and fill in the gaps. I romanized the pronounciation of the words but keep in mind that in Japanese (for the most part) each letter is pronounced separately. Thus, ai is two syllables: a-i.
In Japanese you conjugate verbs depending on whether you are affirming or negating a phrase and what kind of speech (plain, polite, etc). However, depending on what type of verb they are, they will have different conjugations.
Here are the conjugations for PLAIN SPEECH NEGATIONS.
First we have ウ(u) verbs. They are:
あそぶ (osobu) to play
およぐ (oyogu) to swim
かえす (kaesu) to return (something)
がんばる (ganbaru) to do one’s best
つかう (tsukau) to use
はなす (hanasu) to talk, speak
ひく (hiku) to play (a stringed instrument)
Then, there are ル(ru) verbs. They are:
かりる (kariru) to borrow
できる (dekiru) to be able to
With ウ verbs that end in i, you drop the i at the end of the word and change it to a, and then add ない (nai).
For example: いき(iki) changes to いか(ika)ない
With ウ verbs that end in u, you drop the u and change it to the a, and then add ない (nai).
For example: かりる(kariru) changes to かりら(karira)ない
ウ verbs that have only vowels for the last two consonants are treated a little differently. For these verbs you add wa, rather than just a as the last syllable. Take あい(ai-to meet) for example.
あい(ai) changes to あわ(awa)ない
ル(ru) verbs are much simpler. You just drop the ru ( る or ル ) and add ない (nai).
For example たべる becomes 食べない.
サンフランシスコ (sanfuranshisuko)=San Francisco
Have a good night!